Glaucoma is the general term for a group of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting information from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is located in the posterior segment of the eye, and its injury may lead to loss of vision.
At first, patient with glaucoma feels a diminished visual field in the periphery of the eye (peripheral vision), and if untreated (Glaucoma), it may be complicated by gradual loss of vision, which may, over time, lead to total loss of vision.
There are three types of glaucoma:
Glaucoma cannot be treated and the damage caused by it cannot be reversed, but when the treatment is given, the disease can be controlled. So eye drops, oral medications and surgical procedures are used to prevent more damage.
If you suffer from glaucoma, you should receive the treatment for the rest of your life. And since the disease may worsen or change without you realizing it, your treatment may also need change over time.
The goal of regular treatment is to prevent any deterioration in the optic nerve and to prevent the occurrence of blindness associated with glaucoma. This goal can be achieved by maintaining normal intraocular pressure through: